BALLET Ballet History


Ballet is one of the few dances that have stayed approximately for centuries not decades and is still magical, spectacular and artistic.Ballet have its beginning in the Italian Renaissance court, is a formalized style of dance, In France and Russia was developed as a concert dance form. It is distinguished for its techniques style of dance, such as Pointe work, turn-out of the legs; it's graceful, flowing, precise movements; and its ethereal character, with its own terminology. It has been influential as a form of dance globally and is trained in ballet schools around the world. Ballet dance works (ballets) are choreographed, and also contain mime, acting, and are set to music.

Classical ballet is the most formal of the ballet styles; it uses to traditional ballet technique. There are differences concerning to area of origin, such as Russian ballet, French ballet and Italian ballet. There are two methods Vaganova method and the Cecchetti method.

Neoclassical ballet is less rigid than the classical ballet and use the traditional ballet vocabulary. The characteristic of neoclassical ballet is that its organization focuses on structure.

Contemporary ballet is a form of dance influenced by both classical ballet and modern dance. Many of its notions come from the ideas and innovations of 20th. Generally it is performed in the opera house, theatres, Broadway like shows, has very good training for its ballet dancers, and is one of the hardest trained, along with modern dance performers and jazz dancers.

Hip hop is a style of street dance, principally developed as a part of the hip hop culture. This culture was developed by young Hispanic and African American communities in New York, throughout the late 1960's. Similar with rap, scratch music and graffiti art, the style include the movements of break-dancing and body-popping, and has been internationally recognized since the 1970's.

This lovely, vigorous and acrobatic dance began as off shoot of Break dance. Today it is very popular and is practiced around the world. In Hip hop dance, you can add any step to it, any move, any trick from any dance and it won't even look awkward. Hip hop dancing is heavily influenced by the development of hip hop music and its popularity in media.
Hip hop is very popular amongst the youths, because of its compatibility with modern pop, rap, dance hall, reggae, hip hop and r&b songs and the majority of new music video choreographies are styled with Hip hop elements.



Jazz dance began from the African American vernacular dance of the late 1800s to the mid-1900s. The dance and music originated jointly, in a lower-class neighborhood in New Orleans called District Storyville. Their heightened rhythmic characteristic charmed the American public and by the 1920s.The term Jazz dance refers to various related dance styles. All of them are associated via common roots, namely tap, ballet, jazz music, and African-American rhythms and dance.In the 1910s, Joe Frisco was an American vaudeville performer and popular "jazz dancer". We can connect many dances origin to Jazz dance: hip hop, modern dance, swing, rock n roll, etc. Jazz, in its technique is still developing, maturing and almost every decade gives birth to a new genre. In the 1940s, jazz music developed into a more difficult form known as bebop. From 1936 through the 1960s, different choreographers from the modern dance and ballet worlds--George Balanchine, Jerome Robbins, Agnes de Mille, Jack Cole, Hanya Holm, Helen Tamiris, Michael Kidd, and Bob Fosse--created a very requiring offshoot of jazz dance that exceeded the technical abilities of the chorine or dance act and needed instead a taught dancer.Throughout the later jazz age, popular styles of jazz dance were the Cakewalk, Boogie Woogie, Black Bottom, Charleston, Jitterbug, Swing dancing and the related Lindy Hop.The modern-jazz class was a medley of influences of different styles of dance such as ballet, jazz, jazzy jazz, or just about any form of cultural dance done to jazz music.



The term "Modern Dance" generally encompass to 20th century ballroom dances; modern dance originated in Europe, by 1930 The United States had become the center for dance experimentation.
Particularly, in Europe, early modern dance or free movement dance is now classified as contemporary dance, a genre that includes the work of Rudolf Laban, Merce Cunningham, Martha Graham. Though those studying contemporary dance learn a technical theme as for anything else, the choreography seen in presentation is very varied and usually cannot be identified as any precise dance form, even though other dance forms can often influence much of the movement.

From its beginning the choreographers this dance is complete of mystery, you never know what to expect from the performer, every performer and performance is not the same, consequently, exciting curiosity or wonder is not gone leave you until the end of the performance.

Modern dance, having started as a response against ballet, is possibly more easily defined by what it is not than by what it is, and it is frequently defined in contrast to ballet.




Throughout the nineteenth century, tap dance was developed in the United Stated, and today it is very popular in different parts of the world. The name comes from the tapping sound made when the small metal plates on the dancer's shoes touch a hard floor.

Tap dance is a form of American theatrical dance using defined rhythmical patterns of foot movement and perceptible foot tapping. It is derived from the customary clog dance of northern England, the jigs and reels of Ireland and Scotland, and probably the rhythmic foot stamping of African dances. The dance was popular in diversity shows and early musicals.

Tap dancers make recurrent use of syncopation. Choreographies usually start on the eighth or first beat count. Another characteristic of tap dancing is improvisation. This can either be done with music and follow the beats offered or without musical accompaniment, that is known as a capella dancing.

One type of tap dancing is the "rhythm tap", where the dancer dances only with their legs, making a louder, more grounded sound; Hoofers dance this kind of tap.

Common tap steps comprise the shuffle, shuffle ball change, flap, flap heel, cramp roll, buffalo, Maxie Ford, time steps, pullbacks, wings, cincinnati, the shim sham shimmy, Irish, Waltz Clog, shuffle hop step, running flaps, running shuffles, sugar, and the paddle and roll, slap, stomp, running slaps, brushes, and scuffs. Other steps comprise flap, hotsteps, heelclicks.

Folk dance is a term used to contain a large number of dances. Previous generations inherited us the Folk dance. It can change by the region, religion; race, ethnicity, culture and individual participate. In North America expressions of folk dance reflects dances of the colonial era, and dances from European origins.
Folk dancing is perceived as more of a social activity rather than competitive, even though there are professional and semi-professional folk dance groups, and occasional folk dance competitions.

Forms of folk dance include:
English country dance
International folk dance
Irish dance
Maypole dance
Morris dance
Nordic polska dance
Ball de bastons
Austrian folk dance
Square dance
Sword dance.
Ukrainian dance
English folk dance
Various choreographed are called Folk dances such as Israeli folk dance, contra dance, modern Western square dance and Scottish country dance, though this is not true in the strictest sense.


Usually refers to a group of dances, gets the moves from previous dances that developed concurrently with the swing style of jazz music in the 1920s, '30s and '40s; although the earliest of these dance styles predate swing jazz music. The most popular of these dances is the Lindy Hop, a popular partner dance that begun in Harlem and is still danced today.

At the moment there are swing dance scenes in several developed countries throughout the world, each city and country differ preferences different dances in diverse degrees. Each local swing dance community defines "swing dance" and the "appropriate" music to accompany it in diverse ways.
Swing Styles
The expression "Swing dancing", outside the United States, is used to refer to one or all the following dances: Lindy Hop, Charleston, Shag, Balboa and Blues. This group of dance is often extended to contain West Coast Swing, East Coast Swing, Hand Dancing, Jive, Rock and Roll, Modern Jive, and other dances developing in the 1940s and later.

Savoy Swing
Lindy style
West Coast Swing
Supreme Swing
Imperial Swing
Carolina Shag
DC Hand Dancing
East Coast Swing
Ballroom West Coast Swing
Country-Western Swing
Cajun Swing
Pony Swing

BALLROOM  ballroondance.jpg
"Ballroom dancing" came from the term ball, which originates from the Latin word ballare which means "to dance". Ballroom dance usually refers a set of partner dances, which started in the Western world and are now met both socially and competitively around the world. Its representation and entertainment characteristic are extensively enjoyed on stage, in film, and on television.Some Balls dances are considered to be historical dances. Among these styles are Minuet, Quadrille, Polonaise, Pas de Gras, Mazurka, and other popular dances. The term Ballroom dance, is applies to any of the various dances in which two persons, a "leader" and a "follower".Ballroom dance belongs to social dance because it promotes social interaction between dance partners. At the same time, it is a beautiful form of art and it has an integral part of people's daily lives for many years, providing an atmosphere for men and women to meet together increase friendships and have a good time. The beauty of ballroom lies in its continuous change and development. New dances and changes continue to be added. The doctrine learned in ballroom dancing can be applied to any kind of music, whether you listen to classical waltzes, disco, or rock. This is because ballroom dancing follow strict tempo. For the beginning dancer, this means that the music follows an even pattern of beats. The two most important kinds of music you will be dancing to will either be in 3/4 or 4/4.Ballroom dancing persists to be a major social event for seniors and is increasing as a fashionable pastime for middle-aged and younger men and women as well.In the early 20th century, the on-screen dance pairing of Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers really influenced ballroom dancing in the USA.They are associated for their filmed dance series together, which incorporated portrayals of early 20th century dancers Vernon and Irene Castle and have reached iconic position.
In one frequent practice "ballroom dance" refers to the ten dances of International Standard and International Latin, however the expression is also often used interchangeably with the five International Standard dances In the United States, the American Style In the United States, two additional variations-"American Smooth" and "American Rhythm"-have also been popularized and are frequently recognized as styles of "ballroom dance". Others dances sometimes positioned under the umbrella "ballroom dance" include Nightclub Dances such as Lindy Hop, West Coast Swing, Nightclub Two Step, Hustle, Salsa, and Merengue. The classification of dances as "ballroom dances" has always been fluid, with new dances or folk dances being added to/removed from to the ballroom collection from time to time, so no list of subcategories or dances is any more than a description of present practices. There are other dances traditionally established as ballroom dances, and are revived via the Vintage Dance movement.In Europe, Latin Swing dances incorporate Argentine Tango, Mambo, Lindy Hop, Swing Boogie, and Disco Fox. Country and Western dances are danced both competitively and socially at Country & Western bars, clubs, and ballrooms. There is also a Rock 'n' Roll dance modification established as a social dance.Standard/Smooth dances are usually danced to Western music (often from the mid-twentieth century), and couples dance counter-clockwise around a rectangular floor following the line of dance.

LATIN latin-dance.jpg
The wide style of dance types that had their origin in Spanish or Portuguese speaking countries, receive the name of Latin dance. Latin dance has so many types that they all differ.
Socially these contain Cha Cha, Rumba, Bolero, Mambo, Salsa, Merengue, Bachata, Cumbia, and Samba. Competitively Paso Doble and swing are also included in this category. Most of these dances have hip movement and all of them you take all steps with the toe staying in contact with the floor.

Samba is one of the most popular styles of music in Brazil. The Samba most probable originated in Brazil, and resulting from the dance styles brought to the country by West African Slaves. It is largely viewed as Brazil's national musical form.
Some characteristics are walking steps and side steps are the fundamental components of Samba. The main feature of the Samba is the vertical bounce action. Steps are taken using the ball of the foot. Knee action along with body swing and "pendulum motion", in the accomplished dancer, is made to look easy and carefree.
Samba has so various diverse dance forms with diverse pace, tempo, rhythm and personality.

Merengue is very popular in Latin American and other dance places over the world. Merengue is attractive dance because its dance steps are simplicity comparative to salsa, which is much more complicated to learn.
Its origin goes back to slavery time. Merengue was known since the beginning of the 19th Century; and it is the national dance of the Dominican Republic.
Several types occur, ballroom style is slower and the club style is hotter, erotic and informal, folk style has had minor changes over the years, but still managed to survive.

SALSA Salsa-Dance.jpg
Salsa is considered a dance of courtship. The literal significance of word "salsa" is "sauce" and the dancers should show a very hot and spicy contact with each other.Salsa is still developing because it is relatively new compared to other Latin-American dances, such as the Cha Cha Cha or the samba.Salsa should be sensual and fluid, with the dancers moving around each other and the floor in circular movements. In the music and in the dance there is a strong Afro-Caribbean influence. Today, the "Salsa" is a North American interpretation of the older styles. New York's Latino community had an energetic musical and dancing scene during the '50s but found limited success with the "Anglo" mainstream.

Salsa styles:

A style can be identifying because it has many characteristics. There may be diverse step patterns, diverse timing of steps, characteristic movement on the dance floor (ex: slot, circular), dancer preference of turns and moves, attitude, dress code, and others. The existence of one or more of characteristic elements does not basically describe a particular form.
Here are brief descriptions of main "identifiable" styles.

Cuban style
Cuba style salsa is also known as Casino, can be danced either on the down beat ("a tiempo") or the upbeat ("a contratiempo"). Hits 1, 3, 5 and 7 are downbeats and 2, 4, 6 and 8 are upbeats.A special Cuba step is known as Guapea, where the leader does a rearward basic on 1-2-3 and a forward basic on 5-6-7. Typically the fourth beat is not counted.Another feature of this form is that in many patterns the leader and follower circle around each other.

Los Angeles style
This style is extremely influenced by Hollywood and by the swing & mambo dances. Los Angeles style is danced on 1, in a slot and emphasizes sensuousness, theatricality, and acrobatics.The two indispensable elements of this dance are the forward/backward basic as explained above, and the cross-body guide. In this pattern, the leader steps forward on 1, steps to the right on 2-3 while turning 90 degrees counter-clockwise (facing to the left). The follower then steps forward on 5-6, and turns on 7-8, while the leader makes another 90 degrees counter-clockwise. After these movements, the leader and follower have exchanged their situations.

New York style
New York style focuses efficiency of movement, elegance, and body isolations. By center on control, timing, and accuracy of technique, dancers aim for smooth execution of firmly woven complex patterns. In New York City this style is danced strictly On 2, even though dancers around the world regularly incorporate elements and repertoire from New York into their dancing On 1.In a social setting, New York style is danced more compactly than Los Angeles style.

BELLY DANCE BellyDance.jpg
Belly dance was developed in the Middle East, is an Arabic style of dance. Some American devotees call it only as "Middle Eastern Dance".

There are two types of belly dancing. The first is known as raqs baladi ("national" or "folk" dance). In Palestine and Lebanon, raqs baladi is a folk dance performed by people of all ages, during festive events, such as weddings and other social meetings for fun and festivity. The second form, the more theatrical form, is called raqs sharqi (eastern dance), the term "raqs sharqi" may have originated in Egypt, and it is most popular in America today. Both styles: raks baladi, raks sharqi is performed by male and female dancers.

The center of Raqs Sharqi belly dancing is the pelvic and hip area, the movements consists in performed throughout the body. It is, basically, a solo improvisational dance with its own single dance terminology that is fluidly incorporated with the music's rhythm. The dancers express the feelings evoked by the lyrics and the music integrated to the dance.